The ETC Pask Permeameter is constant head well permeameter designed and manufactured by Dynamic Monitors. It can be used to determine the field saturated hydraulic conductivity (Kfs) or the T time or percolation time (perc time) of soil or other porous media. Although the instrument has some limitations compared to more expensive alternatives such as the Guelph Permeameter, the Amoozemeter, and the Johnson Permeameter, most users find it is suitable for their routine testing requirements at a fraction of the cost of other options.
Several customers have found that the unique design and lightweight construction of our ETC Pask Permeameter saves time in the field, and allows the completion of more permeability tests in less time compared to other constant head permeameters. It is definitely much faster than the percolation test.
The table below contrasts the ETC Pask Permeameter to the Guelph Permeameter on twenty different points of comparison. Please feel free to contact us if you have any questions!
Download the PDF version of this table here.
Point of Comparison
ETC Pask Permeameter
|Used to determine:||Field saturated hydraulic conductivity (Kfs) of in situ soil, also prepared fill materials and constructed soil liners.||Field saturated hydraulic conductivity (Kfs) of in situ soil, also prepared fill materials and constructed soil liners.|
|Applicable permeability range:||4.0 x 10-9 m/sec to 5.0 x 10-4 m/sec||10-7 m/sec to 10-4 m/sec|
|Applicable soil textures/types:||Virtually any soil type – USDA/CSSC: clay to sand. USCS: Sand, silty sand, silt and clay.||Virtually any soil type – USDA/CSSC: clay to sand. USCS: Sand, silty sand, silt and clay.|
|Time to set-up, fill and tear down Permeameter:||Approx. 2 min – See video below.||Approx. 7 min – See video below.|
|Time to conduct a test:||Most tests on medium permeability soils take 20-45 min. Tests on very slowly permeable soils (clays) can take several hours.||Most tests on medium permeability soils take 20-45 min. Tests on very slowly permeable soils (clays) can take several hours.|
|Guidance information on relationship to percolation tests?||Yes. A correlation is presented based on the latest peer reviewed paper by Reynolds et al (2015). Formulas and a quick conversion table are included in the guide.||User guide states: “Approximate relationship is available upon request”.|
|Are quick field calculation tables provided?||Yes, for the four (4) major soil capillarity category types described by Reynolds (2008).||No.|
|Math skills required to conduct tests and obtain Kfs results:||Basic to average. The ETC Quick Field Calculation Tables make determination of Kfs (in the field) fast and easy.||Above average (College or University). Must calculate Kfs from formulas, or using the Guelph Permeameter Calculator spreadsheet.|
|Method for testing imported fill materials used in septic beds?||Guidance provided based on method recommended in CAN CSA B65-12 standard.||No method or guidance provided.|
|Volume of water required:||Approx: 2 Litres (0.53 gals) per test||Approx: 2.5 Litres (0.66 gals) per test|
|Theory and calculations based on:||Reynolds et al (2015), Reynolds (2008), Elrick & Reynolds (1985, 1992), Lilly (1991, 1994, 2000)||Elrick & Reynolds (1985, 1992), Zhang & Parkin (1998)|
|Single or double ponded head method?||Single ponded head method.||Single or double ponded head methods.|
|Maximum operating/testing depth below soil surface:||60cm (24inches). If testing to a greater depth is required, excess soil can first be removed with a hand shovel or excavating machine. Custom models provided on request.||75cm (30 inches). If testing to a greater depth is required, remove excess soil or purchase extension tubes. Maximum practical recommended depth is 3.15m (10ft).|
|Ability to test very soft soils with low bearing capacity?||Not recommended without supporting the permeameter, otherwise, it may sink into the soil during the test.||Yes, the tripod will support the permeameter and prevent sinking, unless the tripod legs themselves are standing on very soft soil.|
|Height of water in well:||15cm (fixed, a good height for most soil conditions and applications). Can be supplied with alternative well heights if desired.||2.5cm to 25cm (adjustable)|
|Well hole diameter:||Approx. 8.3cm (3 1/4 in) if using auger supplied with our kit. May be used with alternative auger/well hole diameters.||Approx. 6cm (2 3/8 in) based on cutting diameter of auger supplied with kit.|
|Kit components:Note*- ETC does not recommend use of a sizing auger. It can cause soil smearing (Lilly, 1991).||Pask Permeameter with custom ABS cap and stainless steel clip, AMS Riverside auger, wire well prep brush, user guide, quick reference field calculation tables.||Guelph Permeameter, water container & tube, support kit, Riverside auger, sizing auger* (see note), tripod, well prep brush, vacuum test hand pump, carrying case, user guide.|
|Weight of permeameter only:||1.4kg (3lbs)||1.8kg (4lbs)|
|Weight of complete kit:||Kit:4.1kg (9 lbs)||Kit: 14.9kg (33 lbs)|
|Overall Dimensions of Kit:||1372mm x 381mm x 203mm (54” x 15” x 8”)||1270mm x 444mm x 152mm (50” x 18” x 6”)|
The following video compares the set-up, fill and tear-down time for the ETC Pask Permeameter versus the Guelph Permeameter. The ETC Pask Permeameter was 3.5 times faster to set-up and tear-down than the Guelph permeameter!
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